Physical Rehabilitation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal Cord Injuries

A spinal cord injury, also known as myelopathy, is a disorder of the spinal cord that can cause loss of mobility, injuries that damage the structure of the spinal cord affecting the connection between the brain and the rest of the body.

These types of injuries can result in the loss of some functions. The most common symptoms are severe pain in the back or neck, headache, loss of sensation, loss of control of some part of the body, urinary incontinence or difficulty breathing.

Main Causes of Spinal Cord Injuries

– Trauma: traffic accidents, sport injuries, ruptured intervertebral disc, falls, accidents at work, etc.

– Disease: degenerative diseases, spinal tumors, spina bifida, Friedreich’s ataxia, etc.

Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injuries can be defined according to their extent, as complete or incomplete, whether the spinal cord is totally affected or if it is a partial injury.

On the other hand, spinal cord injuries are classified according to their degree and location:

– Complete or partial loss of sensibility
– Loss of motor control of arms

– Loss of motor control in legs

– Loss of generalized motor control

Finally, it should be noted that we speak of tetraplegia if the paralysis damages the upper and lower extremities. That is, if there is total or partial paralysis, resulting from damage to the spinal cord, to arms and legs. And, paraplegia refers to injury to the lower body.

Treatment for Spinal Cord Injuries

Treatment for spinal cord injuries depends on the level of injury, i.e. the degree to which the nerve pathways are affected.

In spinal cord injuries that have resulted in paralysis, it is essential to carry out a rehabilitation treatment plan to recover the patient functionality.

Patients with spinal cord injuries require continuous monitoring, guided by specialists, and rehabilitation programs which are essential for these cases to achieve the best possible result and to obtain the maximum autonomy possible.

Rehametrics physical rehabilitation exercises for the treatment plans of patients with spinal cord injuries are designed to restore their maximum level of functionality. In addition, the system quantifies rehabilitation sessions and collects data from each session, allowing clinicians to keep detailed track of patient performance.
Scroll to Top