Physical rehabilitation for people with neurodegenerative disorders.

Neurodegenerative Disorders

Neurodegenerative disorders refer to neuropathological and clinical brain conditions that affect language, movement and memory, causing progressive loss of autonomy.

Neurodegenerative disorders have several aspects in common, including a degenerative process and neuronal death in the brain and other parts of the nervous system. Therefore, on many occasions, an individual may be diagnosed, and as the disease progresses, this diagnosis may be redefined.

Main causes of neurodegenerative disorders

There are some factors that are related to the causes of many neurodegenerative disorders, such as genetics. However, in most of the diagnosed cases the causes are unknown. At present, it has not been possible to prove which factors determine the onset of this type of condition.

In some cases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, it is true that genetics is considered a risk factor, but even so, it has not been proven to be a determining factor.

Most common types of neurodegenerative disorders

– Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is the main cause of dementia. It is a progressive disease in which memory loss appears as an initial symptom and ends with the inability to hold a conversation and becoming totally dependent. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s, but there are treatments that slow down the worsening of symptoms.

– Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that mainly affects the nervous system. Parkinson’s disease results in problems with balance, coordination and tremors, among others, as a consequence of the neurons that produce dopamine ceasing to function.

– Multiple sclerosis. It is one of the most common autoimmune neurodegenerative disorders among people between 20 and 40 years of age. This condition is complicated to diagnose due to the diversity of symptoms it can present. The course of MS will vary from person to person.

– Huntington’s disease: This condition is a genetic disorder that is transmitted from parents to their children and is caused by the gradual degeneration of parts of the basal ganglia called the caudate nucleus and the putamen. This degenerative pathology begins with sporadic jerks or spasms and ends with mental deterioration. In the advanced stages of the disease, dementia occurs and those affected become dependent.

– Mild dementia: In this phase, day-to-day activities begin to suffer slightly. In these cases, the patient begins to forget things or names and may present some behavioral changes.

– Moderate dementia: the alteration of many of the daily functions is already evident at this level. Difficulty in understanding, learning, mistakes when making calculations, anxiety, depression and even aggressive behavior appear.

– Severe dementia: in many cases of severe dementia, communication with the patient is almost impossible. In these extreme cases, total memory loss appears and individuals are already totally dependent.

Treatment for neurodegenerative disorders

The most common treatment for neurodegenerative disorders is neuropsychological rehabilitation, speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy.

Most of these disorders have no cure, but there are treatments, as well as drugs, that can improve the quality of life and the autonomy of those who suffer from them.

Rehametrics has physical and cognitive rehabilitation exercises based on virtual reality and the system offers individualized rehabilitation programs to rehabilitate the cognitive, functional and motor sequelae arising from neurodegenerative disorders.
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