Cognitive Rehabilitation in Patients with Neurodegenerative Disorders

Neurodegenerative Disorders

Neurodegenerative disorders affect the nervous system and can cause cognitive impairments which will normally result in behavioral changes and functional changes.

These neurodegenerative disorders, just like dementia, will affect the ability to perform many of the activities of daily living. In summary, neurodegenerative disorders cause irreversible alterations that result in a persistent global deterioration of function.

The main disorders related to neurodegeneration are Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Both produce alterations in the brain and lead to a deterioration and loss of neurons that result in a substantial decrease in an individual's autonomy.

At What Age Do Neurodegenerative Disorders Appear?

The most common symptoms normally associated to neurodegenerative disorders tend to appear when one reaches between 55 and 75 years of age. However, these symptoms could also appear at any age, because these type of disorders can have a congenital or acquired cause, specially after a CerebroVascular Accident (CVA), a Traumatic Injury or due to Cognitive Impairment.

Main Symptoms of Neurodegenerative Disorders

In many cases symptoms are not easily detected. These disorders often cause deficiencies in various activities such as movement, balance, speech or in heart function. Most of these disorders are genetic in origin.

The main problems that may occur are the following:

– Cognitive problems: memory loss, deficits in intellectual capacity or language and disorientation.
– Movement problems: slowness, impaired balance or reflexes, stiffness and, above all, tremors.

Neurodegenerative disorders of the nervous system cannot be cured, although with appropriate treatment their symptoms can improve.

Rehabilitation Therapy for Neurodegenerative Disorders

It is important that people with neurodegenerative disorders receive certain treatments based on exercises adapted to their abilities in order to improve their quality of life. Exercises focused on improving control, self-esteem, independence and cognitive abilities.

Thus, it should be noted that this type of nervous system disorders must be treated by specialists such as neurologists, physiotherapists, psychologists or psychiatrists.

In any case, there are treatment plans adapted to each case that consist of cognitive stimulation activities tailored to the needs of each person.

Rehametrics offers several types of exercises, for both physical rehabilitation and cognitive rehabilitation, based on virtual reality, which, in addition to facilitating session management and the design of customized sessions, will record and quantify session data for each of the exercises performed.
Funded by the Digital Kit Program. Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan of Spain «Next Generation EU»
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